Town and port in Central Dalmatia, located on the peninsula between the Bay of Kastela and the Split Channel. In the western part of the peninsula rises the hill Marjan, and from the east and northeast it is protected by Kozjak and Mosor.
Split has a Mediterranean climate: dry, hot summers and mild, humid winters. This is one of the sunniest cities in Europe, vegetation is evergreen, Mediterranean, and subtropical flora is growing in and around the city. Marjan is covered in forest. Split is the business, administrative and cultural center of Dalmatia. The port of Split occupies an important place in passenger and freight traffic. Split is the center of maritime connections with ports on the coast and islands, and is the last railway station for rail links to the hinterland. There are regular ferry lines between Split and the islands of central Dalmatia, as well as with Ancona in Italy. In addition to the islands, Split is connected by ferry lines to Pula, Venice, Dubrovnik and Greece. Split Airport is located in Resnik (Kastela). In addition to the shipyard, Split has a plant for plastics processing, cement industry, food industry, etc. Split has numerous cultural and educational institutions, and more recently a specialized UN environmental institution in the Mediterranean. Split has significant sports facilities, a football stadium, numerous swimming pools, berths for sports boats and the like. Split has four marinas.
The Old Town, the oldest nucleus of Split, is located within the walls of Diocletians Palace, it is the most valuable example of Roman architecture on the eastern coast of the Adriatic. The mausoleum of Diocletian, today cathedral of St. Doimus. The Papalic Palace (15th c.), The most important example of Gothic architecture in Split, houses the Museum of the City of Split. Its architectural details bear the distinctive marks of Juraj Dalmatinac's workshop. The Agubio Palace (Gothic portal), the statue of Gregory of Ninsky (a work by Ivan Meštrović). The Cindro Palace, the most beautiful Baroque palace in Split. Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments - the major institution of Croatian culture. The Institute of Oceanography and Fishery and its aquarium. The pre-Romanesque church of Holy Trinity, the Renaissance cloister accomodates the tombstones of Split patrician families. The Bishop's Palace is built in neo-Renaissance style, the chapel of St. Arnir, 1445 by Juraj Dalmatinac, the church of Our Lady of Belfry (Baroque altar, Byzantine Icon from the 11th c., Wall paintings by Meneghello from 1412), the monastery and the church of St. Arnir. Francis (13th c.), The Mestrovic Citadel, the Gripe forttress (17th c.).